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What You Need to Know About Pinguecula and Pterygium

Views: 415     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-11-12      Origin: Site

The eye is an organ that can sense light. The simplest eye structure can detect the light and shade of the surrounding environment, and the more complex eye structure can provide vision. Usually, the eyes are spherical, filled with transparent gelatinous material, and have a focused lens. Usually there is an iris that controls the number of rays entering the eye. 


If we have problems with our eyes, our vision will be affected. Pinguecula and pterygium are common eye diseases, although their names sound strange.


The pinguecula is a yellow plaque or lump on the eye, similar to a calluses on the skin. It is when the conjunctiva of the eye (the thin film covering the white part of the eye) changes, yellow deposits of protein, fat or calcium appear.


The pterygium is a wedge-shaped growth of the white fleshy tissue of the eye. This growth eventually extends to the cornea. It can stay small, or it may grow large enough to become uncomfortable or to interfere with vision.



Basic Knowledge about Pinguecula and Pterygium

As a yellowish bump in your eye, a pinguecula most often appears on the side of the eye closest to the nose.


When your eyes are chronically stimulated by something, pinguecula sometimes appears.


A pinguecula can become a pterygium, growing onto the cornea and blocking vision.


Pterygium is also known as “surfer's eye” or “farmer's eye.” This is because those who spend a long time in the sun or in dusty, dry environments are more likely to have this eye disease.


Pterygium can be surgically removed if it causes eye irritation or affects vision. During the operation, doctors will use various medical tools, such as medical forceps, needle holders, medical suture scissors and ophthalmic forceps. A possible risk of pterygium surgery: developing a refractive error called astigmatism(causing blurry or distorted vision).


Even if pterygium can be removed, it can grow back. The recurrence rate is between 30% and 40%, and people under 40 are more likely to relapse.



How to Prevent Pinguecula and Pterygium

Keep your eyes out of direct sunlight as much as possible. You can go out less in summer or wear sunglasses when you go out. Ultraviolet rays in the sun do harm to the eyes.


Wear wraparound glasses, goggles or other protective eyewear to protect your eyes when working in a dry and dusty environment.


When you feel your eyes are dry, you can use eye drops to lubricate your eyes. This can not only relieve the discomfort caused by dry eyes, but also reduce the possibility of eye diseases.


If you have pingueula, you should go to the hospital immediately and have an operation. During the operation, doctors need to use a variety of medical tools to complete the operation. In order to ensure the successful completion of the operation, high-quality medical supplies are needed. Bellhealth is a professional manufacturer of medical tools, which can produce allis forceps, sponge holder forceps, oxygen nose prongs, oxygen cannula tubing, micro need holder and dental need holder.