 Tel: +86 18015551733
Home[copy] » News » Industry Encyclopedia » History of Surgical Instruments

History of Surgical Instruments

Views: 394     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2020-10-22      Origin: Site

As we all know, a good surgeon is highly dependent on sharp, safe, and effective tools. Have you ever thought about how these important curved medical scissors and crocodile forceps developed?



History of Surgical Instruments


There is evidence that surgeons evolved earlier than expected because ancient skeletons from 6500 B.C. found in France show signs of drilling, and even ancient Egyptian bones show signs of surgery. Then, the ancient Romans began to use tools to remove goiter and polyps. In the middle ages, doctors could remove cataracts from the eyes and stones in the bladder, but most patients died of infection because doctors didn't know about sepsis. Instead of stainless steel or autoclaves, they operated only with teeth, fingers, and nails, which were replaced by many surgical tools today.


Cutting and dissecting tools such as surgical scissors have replaced the work of nails and teeth.

The forceps medical instruments replace the gripping action of fingers and thumbs.

Contraction and expansion tools replace the fingers that open the incision and wound.

Instead of fingers and teeth, staplers and stitches are used to fix the cut edges of tissue.

The sucking tool replaces the action of sucking liquid through the mouth.


EN-9200 Stainless Steel Tissue Scissors


Innovation and Future of Surgical Instruments


From the end of the 19th century to the beginning of the 20th century, small medical scissors had a great development. The abdomen, chest, and skull could not have been operated on in the past for good reason. However, they can begin to treat the innermost part of the body without being limited to medical-grade scissors when surgeons discover both anesthesia and asepsis. Surgery on new parts of the body means surgeons need to use new tools and improved old tools. Wound care scissors, surgical needle holders, and scalpels have been improved and can be used in the chest, brain, and abdomen.


In the 1920s, with the advent of a surgical scalpel with a disposable blade, a great change has taken place in the field of surgery. Disposable scalpels quickly became the most popular choice because of their sharpness and reduced risk of infection.


In the mid-20th century, new materials for the best medical shears were also discovered. Steel remains the most popular surgical tool material, but chromium, titanium, and vanadium represent lightweight, wear-resistant, and precision surgical instruments. Robust surgical tools made of titanium alloy make it possible to perform microsurgery in Ophthalmology, neurology, and otology.


At the end of the 20th century, traditional medical safety scissors have made great progress and electronic surgical tools have emerged, such as an endoscope, laparoscope, electric scalpel, ultrasonic, arthroscopic razor, and other electric surgical instruments. Surgeons have also learned about the power of the combination of computers and surgery. Computer-guided endoscopic surgery is becoming more and more popular in cardiac surgery, neurology, urology, gynecology, and chest surgery. Connecting computers to specially modified scissors for medical use means that surgeons can perform their actions in a very small area, so as to realize the action which cannot be completed by the human hand alone.


Although it's hard to predict the future, many people see robots begin to play an important role in the operating room. Robot-assisted surgery has become popular in the United States and surgeons are still exploring its potential.